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NA-MIC Project Weeks

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Automatic Standardize Orientation IOS

Key Investigators

Project Description

A correct relationship of the teeth in upper and lower dental arches of IntraOral Surface (IOS) scans depends on standardized spatial orientation in an antero-posterior (yaw rotation), lateral (pitch rotation), and axial (roll rotation) planes induced by differences in acquisiton of scans, growth and treatment. Serial IOSs have been used for evaluation and understanding of the changes resulting from interactions of groiwth and treatment, as dental position and movement can be quantified by 3D linear and angular measurements based on homologous landmarks.

Reliable and accurate measurements should be used for a precise diagnosis and for assessment of treatment outcomes. Inconsistency in the orientation fo the IOs can lead to errors in measurements at diffferent time points for the smae patient and can adversely affect research conclusions and treatment plans. Up to now IOS orientation in Slicer has been manually perfomed using the Slicer Transforms module, but the manual orientation is time consuming and prone to inconsistencies.

This project develops a Slicer extension for Automated Standardized Orientation of IOS (ASOIOS). The Automated Standardized Orientation (ASO) tool presented in this project includes the follwoing image processign steps:

  1. Automatic identificatio of the centroid of the right and left first molar and the centroid of the buccal and lingual surfaces of one the central incisors that determine perpendicular lines, and then determine a third line perpendiculr to these first two.
  2. Computation of the difference between the angles of these 3 lines and a new IOS and an IOS in a gold stardand orientation.
  3. Apply transform matrix to approximate the scans spatial orientation (pre-orientation)
  4. Compute ICP between the centroid of the 3 reference teeth in each scan.
  5. Automatically Ccmpute occlusal landmarks on IOS r, using a deep learning landmark identification algorithm (ALIIOS).
  6. ASOIOS then uses a landmark-based registration approach (ICP of he landmarks identified with ALIIOS) to automatically orient an IOS in a standardized spatial orientation. Availabble options includes, user choice of orienting each IOS separately or by pair of dental arches in occlusion;users can also choose which tooth to use to orient the scan.

Link to GitHub repository https://github.com/lucanchling/ASO

Objective

  1. Automatically orient IOS scans without failures
  2. Receive feedback to improve my code and facilitate future maintenance
  3. Display error window
  4. Improve progress bar
  5. Document the code and read me file.
  6. Includetest cases

Approach and plan

  1. Develop in collaboration with Luc Anchling ASO_CBCT a Slicer Module,ASO, that will be deployed as part of Slicer Automated Dental Tools.

Progress and Next Steps

Progress

Next Step

  1. Receive feedback to improve my code and facilitate future maintenance
  2. Add user documentation in README
  3. Beta Extension for internal users testing prior to deployment

Illustrations

User interface

aso_user_interface

Oriented Output Example

aso_demonstation Green : scan without orientation. Red : Scan at the 5th step. Yellow : Final Orientation.