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Model-Based Needle Tip Localization and MR Scan Plane Planning

Key Investigators

Project Description

Objective

An ongoing effort in the WPI AIM Lab is to use our MRI-compatible 6-DOF needle insertion robot to perform closed-loop image-guided insertions using bevel-tipped clinical biopsy needles. Our focus has been on compensating for target shift and unmodelled needle tip deflection during nominally straight insertions, since the stiffness of clinical-style needles precludes drastic changes in heading during insertions.

A key part of this project is needle tip localization. I am developing a Slicer module that uses actively-updated MR images to detect the pose of a moving needle tip and determine the next best scan plane to capture the tip. The measured tip pose will be an input to the robot control algorithm, which will assess the error relative to the desired trajectory and the remaining insertion depth to the target and adjust the insertion velocity and needle rotation speed accordingly.

TipArtifact

Approach and Plan

  1. Implement a kinematic1 or dynamic2 model suitable for bevel-tipped biopsy needles. In conjunction with kinematics from the insertion robot, this will provide a close estimate of the needle tip position.
  2. Analyze the needle tip artifact in each scan to find the actual pose of the needle tip.
  3. Use OpenIGTLink to receive MR data and robot kinematics and publish the measured tip pose and the next best scan plane.

Progress

Challenges

Next Steps

Background and References

See Closed-loop Autonomous Needle Steering during Cooperatively Controlled Needle Insertionsfor MRI-guided Pelvic Interventions for a similar approach to this problem, albeit using cameras and a transparent phantom.

[1] R. J. Webster, J. S. Kim, N. J. Cowan, G. S. Chirikjian, and A. M. Okamura, “Nonholonomic Modeling of Needle Steering,” The International Journal of Robotics Research. 2006 May;25(5-6):509-25.

[2] J. P. Swensen, M. Lin, A. M. Okamura, and N. J. Cowan, “Torsional Dynamics of Steerable Needles: Modeling and Fluoroscopic Guidance,” IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Nov;61(11):2707-17.

[3] F. Zijlstra, J. G. Bouwman, I. Braškutė, M. A. Viergever, and P. R. Seevinck, “Fast Fourier-based simulation of off-resonance artifacts in steady-state gradient echo MRI applied to metal object localization,” Magn Reson Med. 2017 Nov;78(5):2035-41.

[4] A. Mastmeyer, G. Pernelle, R. Ma, L. Barber, and T. Kapur, “Accurate Model-based Segmentation of Gynecologic Brachytherapy Catheter Collections in MRI-images,” Med Image Anal. 2017 Dec;42:173-88